The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services released the 14th Report on Carcinogens November 3, 2016. The congressionally mandated report, which NTP prepares, included seven newly reviewed substances, bringing the total to 248 listings.
The Report on Carcinogens lists a variety of environmental factors, collectively called substances and grouped into two categories: known to be a human carcinogen and reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. The listings can include chemicals; mixtures of chemicals; infectious agents, such as viruses; and physical agents, such as X-rays and ultraviolet radiation.
The seven newly reviewed substances added to the 2016 Report are listed below.
Newly Listed SubstancesHuman immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)
|Trichloroethylene (TCE)||Known to be a human carcinogen||Industrial solvent|
|Cobalt and cobalt compounds that release cobalt ions in vivo||Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen||Metal and its compounds|
|Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)||Known to be a human carcinogen||Virus|
|Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)||Known to be a human carcinogen||Virus|
|Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)||Known to be a human carcinogen||Virus|
|Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)||Known to be a human carcinogen||Virus|
|Merkel cell polyomavrius (MCV)||Known to be a human carcinogen||Virus|