Scientific Review of Dyes metabolized to 3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine (DMOB)
Status: Listed in the Report on Carcinogens (RoC)
Primary Uses or Exposures: Dyes metabolized to 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine are used in paper, plastics, rubber, and textile industries.
- Appendix A: IARC. 1974. Some Aromatic Amines, Hydrazine and Related Substances, N-Nitroso Compounds and Miscellaneous alkylating Agents. 3,3';-Dimethoxybenzidine. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. Lyon, France. World Health Organization. Vol. 4, pp. A-1 – A-10.
- Appendix B: IARC. 1993. Occupational Exposures of Hairdressers and Barbers and Personal Use of Hair Colourants; Some Hair Dyes, Cosmetic Colourants, Industrial Dyestuffs and Aromatic Amines. C.I. Direct Blue 15. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk to Humans. Lyon, France. World Health Organization. Vol. 57, pp. B-1 – B-14.
- Appendix D: NTP. 1990. Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of DMOB Dihydrochloride in F344/N rats (Drinking Water Studies). NTP Technical Report Series TR-372, pp. D-1 – D-68.
- Appendix E: NTP. 1992. Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of C.I. Direct Blue 15 in F344/N rats. NTP Technical Report Series TR-397, pp. E-1 – E-76.
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