Scientific Review of Lead and Lead Compounds

Lead - CASRN 7439-92-1
Status: Listed in the Report on Carcinogens (RoC)

Primary Uses or Exposures: In worldwide metal use, lead ranks behind only iron, copper, aluminum, and zinc. Its largest use is in lead-acid storage batteries for motor vehicles and general industry. Lead metal also is commonly used for ammunition, cable covering, piping, brass and bronze, bearing metals for machinery, and sheet lead. All of the major soluble lead compounds have industrial uses. Lead acetate is used as a water repellant, for mildew protection, and as a mordant for cotton dyes. Lead acetate trihydrate is used in varnishes, chrome pigments, and as an analytical reagent, while lead chloride is used in asbestos clutch or brake linings, as a catalyst, and as a flame retardant. Lead nitrate is used in the manufacture of matches and explosives, as a heat stabilizer in nylon, and as a coating on paper for photothermography. Lead subacetate is used in sugar analysis and for clarifying solutions of organic substances

Background Document

Public Comments

Meetings and Minutes from Review Groups

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