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Abstract for TR-381 - d-Carvone (CASRN 2244-16-8)


Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of d-Carvone (CAS No. 2244-16-8) in B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies)

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Chemical Formula: C10H14O

d-Carvone occurs naturally in caraway and dill seeds and in many essential oils; it has been used as a carminative and in perfumes and soaps. Toxicity and carcinogenesis studies were conducted by administering d-carvone (approximately 96% pure) in corn oil by gavage to groups of male and female B6C3F1 mice for 16 days, 13 weeks, or 2 years. Genetic toxicology studies were conducted in Salmonella typhimurium and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells.

Sixteen-Day Studies:

All mice that received 1,600 or 3,500 mg/kg died within 7 days. Relative liver weights were increased for dosed male mice, and relative thymus weights were decreased for dosed female mice. No compound-related lesions were observed.

Thirteen-Week Studies:

All male mice and 9/10 female mice that received the top dose of 1,500 mg/kg died before the end of the studies. No compound-related histopathologic changes were observed.

Based on survival at the high doses in the 13-week studies, 2-year toxicology and carcinogenesis studies were conducted by administering d-carvone in corn oil by gavage to groups of 50 male and 50 female mice at doses of 375 or 750 mg/kg, 5 days per week for 103 weeks.

Two-Year Studies:

Mean body weights of dosed and vehicle control mice were similar throughout the studies. Survival of dosed male mice was similar to that of vehicle controls (vehicle control, 37/50; low dose, 42/50; high dose, 36/50); survival of dosed female mice was greater than that of vehicle control female mice (14/50; 29/50; 38/50). Apparently, abscesses in the urogenital system caused the early deaths of many vehicle control female mice.

No neoplastic lesions attributed to d-carvone dosing were observed in mice.

Genetic Toxicology:

d-Carvone was not mutagenic in S. typhimurium but induced sister chromatid exchanges and chromosomal aberrations in CHO cells.


Under the conditions of these 2-year gavage studies, there was no evidence of carcinogenic activity of d-carvone for male or female B6C3F1 mice administered 375 or 750 mg/kg, 5 days per week for 2 years.

Synonyms for d-carvone: (+)-carvone; d(+)-carvone; (S)-carvone; (S)-(+)carvone; (S)-2-methyl-5-(1-methylethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-one; (S)-d-p-mentha-6-8,(9)-dien-2-one; (S)-(+)-p-mentha-6,8-dien-2-one; d-1-methyl-4-isopropenyl-6-cyclohexen-2-one. Carvol is a synonym for carvone (d, l not specified)

Report Date: February 1990

Pathology Tables, Survival and Growth Curves from NTP 2-year Studies

Target Organs & Incidences from 2-year Studies

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