National Toxicology Program

National Toxicology Program
http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/nm-n95002

Nomination Summary for 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) (N95002)

5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF)

Specific Substances: 5-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural

Nomination Date: 11/09/1994

Nominator: NIEHS

Rationale: 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) is a thermal decomposition product of sucrose, and has been identified in a wide variety of heat processed foods. HMF has mutagenic and DNA strand breaking activity. HMF promotes the growth of the aberrant crypt foci in the colon of rats initiated with azoxymethane, and also induced the development of these colon cancer precursor lesions in rats. No long term studies have been reported on HMF. HMFs mutagenicity in Salmonella is markedly enhanced by esterification of the allylic hydroxyl group to the sulfuric acid ester (5-Sulfooxy-methyfurfural).

NTP Principles: 1, 2

Status: Selected


Agents and Status

The following information relates to the specific agent and may include history from earlier or later nominations for this same agent.

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CASRN: 67-47-0

Agent Name: 5-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural

NTP is located at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health.