National Toxicology Program

National Toxicology Program
http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/ts-10382-w

Testing Status of Nitrofurantoin - 10382-W

 

CASRN: 67-20-9

Formula: C8-H6-N4-O5

Synonyms/Common Names

  • 1-(((5-Nitro-2-furanyl)methylene)amino)-2,4-imidazolidinedione (9CI)

Known Uses

Urinary antibacterial agent.

Chemical Properties

Toxicity Effects (HSDB)

Short-Term Toxicity

  • 14-Day (Dosed-Feed)  (C55196)  Completed 
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
  • 13-Week (Dosed-Feed)  (C55196)  Completed 
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
    • Dose: R: 0,600,10000, M: 0,300,5000 PPM/10 PER GROUP.

Long-Term Carcinogenicity

  • 2 years (Dosed-Feed)  (C55196)  Report Complete 
    • TR-341 (NIH Number: 89-2597)  (Peer Review Approval 04/18/1988A )
      Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Nitrofurantoin (CASRN 67-20-9) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Feed Studies)
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
    • Carcinogenesis Results
      • Male Rats Some Evidence 
      • Female Rats No Evidence 
      • Male Mice No Evidence 
      • Female Mice Clear Evidence 
    • Dose: FR: 0,600,1300, MR&M: 0,1300,2500 PPM/50 PER GROUP.

Genetic Toxicology

  • In Vitro Cytogenetics (CA/SCE)  (161709)  Completed 
    • Citation: Anderson, B.E., Zeiger, E., Shelby, M.D., Resnick, M.A., Gulati, D.K., Ivett, J.L., and Loveday, K.S. Chromosome aberration and sister chromatid exchange test results with 42 chemicals. Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 16 (Suppl 18) (1990) 55-137
    • Sister Chromatid Exchange Positive 
    • Chromosome Aberrations Positive 
  • Drosophila  (986170)  Completed 
    • Citation: Zimmering, S., Mason, J.M., Valencia, R., and Woodruff, R.C. Chemical mutagenesis testing in Drosophila. II. Results of 20 coded compounds tested for the National Toxicology Program. Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 7 (1985) 87-100
    • Reciprocal Translocation/Sex-Linked Recessive Lethal Negative 
  • Mouse Lymphoma  (922322)  Completed 
    • Citation: Myhr B.C., McGregor, D., Bowers, L., Riach, C., Brown, A., Edwards, I., McBride, D., Martin, R., and Caspary, W.J. L5178Y mouse lymphoma cell mutation assay results with 41 compounds. Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 16 (Suppl 18) (1990) 138-167
    • Mice
    •  Positive 
  • Micronucleus  (A51689)  Completed 
    • Mice: B6C3F1
    • Male Negative 
  • Salmonella  (131452)  Completed 
    • Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3-142
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (133668)  Completed 
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (451594)  Completed 
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (626123)  Completed 
    • Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3-142
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (674104)  Completed 
    • Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3-142
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (962072)  Completed 
    • Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3-142
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (981362)  Completed 
    • Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3-142
    •  Positive 

Organ Systems Toxicity

  • 121 day minimum Continuous Breeding (Legacy) (Dosed-Feed)  (RACB89063)  Completed 
    • Citation: Final Report on the Reproduction and Fertility Assessment in Swiss CD-1 Mice for Nitrofurantoin when Administered via Feed
    • Male and Female Mice: Swiss
    • Dose: 0,.02,.05,.1,.2,.4%; 0,.03,.06,.12%; 0,.12%; 0,.12%.
NTP is located at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health.