Testing Status of 2-Nitropropane 10417-R

 

CASRN: 79-46-9

Formula: C3-H7-N-O2

Synonyms/Common Names

  • Dimethylnitromethane

Known Uses

Propellant, component of explosives, produced from natural gas (Merck 1989). Associated with tobacco: reported either as a natural component of tobacco, pyrolysis product (in tobacco smoke), or additive for one or more types of tobacco products.

Chemical Properties

Toxicity Effects (HSDB)

Special Studies

  • Cell Proliferation (Gavage)  (S0303)  Completed 
    • Citation: Cunningham ML, Matthews HB. Relationship of hepatocarcinogenicity and hepatocellular proliferation induced by mutagenic noncarcinogens vs carcinogens. II. 1- vs 2-nitropropane. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1991 Sep 15;110(3):505-13.Pubmed Abstract
    • Male Rats: F344/N
    • Dose: 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, MMOL/KG.

Genetic Toxicology

  • In Vitro Cytogenetics (CA/SCE)  (437563)  Completed 
    • Citation: Galloway, S., Armstrong, M., Reuben, C., Colman, S., Brown, B., Cannon, C., Bloom, A., Nakamura, F., Ahmed, M., Duk, S., Rimpo, J., Margolin, B., Resnick, M., Anderson, B., and Zeiger, E. Chromosome aberration and sister chromatid exchanges in Chinese hamster ovary cells: Evaluations of 108 chemicals. Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 10 (Suppl 10) (1987) 1-176
    • Sister Chromatid Exchange Negative 
    • Chromosome Aberrations Negative 
  • Drosophila  (642179)  Completed 
    • Citation: Zimmering, S., Mason, J.M., Valencia, R., and Woodruff, R.C. Chemical mutagenesis testing in Drosophila. II. Results of 20 coded compounds tested for the National Toxicology Program. Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 7 (1985) 87-100
    • Reciprocal Translocation/Sex-Linked Recessive Lethal Negative 
  • Salmonella  (095825)  Completed 
    • Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3-142
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (192306)  Completed 
    • Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3-142
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (542179)  Completed 
    • Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3-142
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (943179)  Completed 
    • Citation: Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Mortelmans, K., Speck, W., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity test results for 250 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 5 (Suppl 1) (1983) 3-142
    •  Positive