National Toxicology Program

National Toxicology Program
http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/ts-10476-j

Testing Status of 4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamine - 10476-J

 

CASRN: 99-56-9

Formula: C6-H7-N3-O2

Synonyms/Common Names

  • 4-Nitro-1,2-benzenediamine (9CI)

Known Uses

Hair dye; reagent for alpha-ketoacids, ascorbic and dehydroascorbic acids. Associated with tobacco: reported either as a natural component of tobacco, pyrolysis product (in tobacco smoke), or additive for one or more types of tobacco products.

Chemical Properties

Toxicity Effects (HSDB)

Short-Term Toxicity

  • 14-Day (Dosed-Feed)  (C03941)  Completed 
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
  • 13-Week (Dosed-Feed)  (C03941)  Completed 
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
    • Dose: R: 0, 681, 10000, M: 0, 1470, 21500 PPM/5 PER GROUP.

Long-Term Carcinogenicity

  • 2-Year (Dosed-Feed)  (C03941)  Report Complete 
    • TR-180 (NIH Number: 79-1736)  (Peer Review Approval 10/25/1978A )
      Bioassay of 4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamine for Possible Carcinogenicity (CASRN 99-56-9)
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
    • Carcinogenesis Results
      • Male Rats Negative 
      • Female Rats Negative 
      • Male Mice Negative 
      • Female Mice Negative 
    • Dose: R: 0, 375, 750, M: 0, 3750, 7500 PPM/50 PER GROUP.

Genetic Toxicology

  • Chromosome Aberrations  (704945)  Completed 
    • Mice
    •  Negative (Nonstandard Protocol) 
  • In Vitro Cytogenetics (CA/SCE)  (549927)  Completed 
    • Sister Chromatid Exchange Positive 
    • Chromosome Aberrations Negative 
  • Mouse Lymphoma  (G19468)  Completed 
    • Citation: Mitchell, A.D., Rudd, C.J., and Caspary, W.J. Evaluation of the L5178Y mouse lymphoma cell mutagenesis assay: Intralaboratory results for 63 coded chemicals tested at SRI International. Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 12 (Suppl 13) (1988) 37-102
    • Mice
  • Mouse Lymphoma  (G31547)  Completed 
    • Citation: Myhr, B.C., and Caspary, W.J. Evaluation of the L5178Y mouse lymphoma cell mutagenesis assay: Intralaboratory results for sixty-three coded chemicals tested at Litton Bionetics, Inc. Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 12 (Suppl 13) (1988) 103-194
    • Mice
  • Micronucleus  (A82327)  Completed 
    • Mice: B6C3F1
    • Male Equivocal 
  • Salmonella  (274391)  Completed 
    • Citation: Dunkel, V., Zeiger, E., Brusick, D., McCoy, E., McGregor, D., Mortelmans, K., Rosenkranz, H., and Simmon, V. (1985) Reproducibility of microbial mutagenicity assays. II. Testing of carcinogens and noncarcinogens in Salmonella typhimurium and Escerichia coli. Environ. Mutagen. 7 (Suppl 5): 1-248.
    • Citation: Mortelmans, K., Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Speck, W., Tainer, B., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity tests. II. Results from the testing of 270 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 8 (Suppl 7) (1986) 1-119
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (541901)  Completed 
    • Citation: Dunkel, V., Zeiger, E., Brusick, D., McCoy, E., McGregor, D., Mortelmans, K., Rosenkranz, H., and Simmon, V. (1985) Reproducibility of microbial mutagenicity assays. II. Testing of carcinogens and noncarcinogens in Salmonella typhimurium and Escerichia coli. Environ. Mutagen. 7 (Suppl 5): 1-248.
    • Citation: Mortelmans, K., Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Speck, W., Tainer, B., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity tests. II. Results from the testing of 270 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 8 (Suppl 7) (1986) 1-119
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (803155)  Completed 
    • Citation: Dunkel, V., Zeiger, E., Brusick, D., McCoy, E., McGregor, D., Mortelmans, K., Rosenkranz, H., and Simmon, V. (1985) Reproducibility of microbial mutagenicity assays. II. Testing of carcinogens and noncarcinogens in Salmonella typhimurium and Escerichia coli. Environ. Mutagen. 7 (Suppl 5): 1-248.
    • Citation: Mortelmans, K., Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Speck, W., Tainer, B., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity tests. II. Results from the testing of 270 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 8 (Suppl 7) (1986) 1-119
    •  Positive 
  • Salmonella  (N-9239)  Completed 
    • Citation: Dunkel, V., Zeiger, E., Brusick, D., McCoy, E., McGregor, D., Mortelmans, K., Rosenkranz, H., and Simmon, V. (1985) Reproducibility of microbial mutagenicity assays. II. Testing of carcinogens and noncarcinogens in Salmonella typhimurium and Escerichia coli. Environ. Mutagen. 7 (Suppl 5): 1-248.
    • Citation: Dunkel, V., Zeiger, E., Brusick, D., McCoy, E., McGregor, D., Mortelmans, K., Rosenkranz, H., and Simmon, V. Reproducibility of microbial mutagenicity assays. II. Testing of carcinogens and noncarcinogens in Salmonella typhimurium and Escerichia coli Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 7 (Suppl 5) (1985) 1-248
  • Sister Chromatid Exchanges  (704945)  Completed 
    • Mice
    • Sister Chromatid  Negative (Nonstandard Protocol) 
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