Testing Status of Propyl gallate 10564-Y

 

CASRN: 121-79-9

Formula: C10-H12-O5

Synonyms/Common Names

  • 3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid propylester (9CI)

Known Uses

Antioxidant in foods containing fats/oils, food packaging materials, and cosmetics. Associated with tobacco: reported either as a natural component of tobacco, pyrolysis product (in tobacco smoke), or additive for one or more types of tobacco products.

Chemical Properties

Toxicity Effects (HSDB)

Short-Term Toxicity

  • 14-Day (Dosed-Feed)  (C50588)  Completed 
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
  • 13-Week (Dosed-Feed)  (C50588)  Completed 
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
    • Dose: R: 0, 1500, 25000, M: 0, 800, 12500 PPM/10 PER GROUP.

Long-Term Carcinogenicity

  • 2-Year (Dosed-Feed)  (C50588)  Report Complete 
    • TR-240 (NIH Number: 82-1796)  (Peer Review Approval 12/16/1981A )
      Carcinogenesis Bioassay of Propyl Gallate (CASRN 121-79-9) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Feed Study)
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
    • Carcinogenesis Results
      • Male Rats Equivocal 
      • Female Rats Negative 
      • Male Mice Equivocal 
      • Female Mice Negative 
    • Dose: 0, 6000, 12000 PPM/50 PER GROUP.

Genetic Toxicology

  • Chromosome Aberrations  (299865)  Completed 
    • Citation: Shelby, M.D. and Witt, K.L. Comparision of Results from Mouse Bone Marrow Chromosome Aberration and Micronucleus Test 25 (1995) Vol. 25, 1995 302-313
    • Mice
    •  Positive 
  • In Vitro Cytogenetics (CA/SCE)  (257022)  Completed 
    • Citation: Gulati, D., Witt, K., Anderson, B., Zeiger, E.,and Shelby, M. Chromosome aberration and sister chromatid exchange test in Chinese hamster ovary cells in vitro III: Results with 27 chemicals Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 13 (1989) 133-193
    • Sister Chromatid Exchange Positive 
    • Chromosome Aberrations Positive 
  • Drosophila  (677217)  Completed 
    • Citation: Foureman, P., Mason, J.M., Valencia, R., Zimmering, S. Chemical Mutagenesis Testing in Drosophila. IX. Results of 50 coded compounds tested for the National Toxicology Program. Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 23 (1994) 51-63
    • Reciprocal Translocation/Sex-Linked Recessive Lethal Equivocal 
  • Mouse Lymphoma  (099874)  Completed 
    • Citation: McGregor, D., Brown, A., Cattanach, P., Edwards, I., McBride, D., Riach, C., and Caspary, W. Responses of the L5178Y tk+/tk- mouse lymphoma cell forward mutation assay: III. 72 coded chemicals. Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 12 (1988) 85-154
    • Mice
    •  Positive 
  • Micronucleus  (512803)  Completed 
    • Citation: Shelby, M.D., Erexson, G.L., Hook, G.J., and Tice, R.R. Evaluation of a three-exposure mouse bone marrow micronucleus protocol: Results with 49 chemicals. Environ. Molec. Mutag. Vol. 21 (1993) 160-179
    • Mice: B6C3F1
    • Male Negative 
  • Micronucleus  (A73992)  Completed 
    • Mice: B6C3F1
    • Male Positive 
  • Salmonella  (985325)  Completed 
    • Citation: Mortelmans, K., Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., Speck, W., Tainer, B., and Zeiger, E. Salmonella mutagenicity tests. II. Results from the testing of 270 chemicals Environ. Mutagen. Vol. 8 (Suppl 7) (1986) 1-119
    •  Negative 
  • Sister Chromatid Exchanges  (299865)  Completed 
    • Citation: Shelby, M.D. and Witt, K.L. Comparision of Results from Mouse Bone Marrow Chromosome Aberration and Micronucleus Test 25 (1995) Vol. 25, 1995 302-313
    • Mice
    • Sister Chromatid  Negative (Nonstandard Protocol)