National Toxicology Program

National Toxicology Program
http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/ts-10767-w

Testing Status of DL-menthol - 10767-W

 

CASRN: 15356-70-4

Formula: C10-H20-O

Synonyms/Common Names

  • Cyclohexanol, 5-methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)- (9CI)

Known Uses

Used for cooling effects, mint flavor and odor, in cigarettes, over the counter drugs, cosmetics, food and beverages. Associated with tobacco: reported either as a natural component of tobacco, pyrolysis product (in tobacco smoke), or additive for one or more types of tobacco products.

Chemical Properties

Toxicity Effects (HSDB)

Short-Term Toxicity

  • 14-Day (Dosed-Feed)  (C50000)  Completed 
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
  • 13-Week (Dosed-Feed)  (C50000)  Completed 
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1

Long-Term Carcinogenicity

  • 2-Year (Dosed-Feed)  (C50000)  Report Complete 
    • TR-098 (NIH Number: 79-1348)  (Peer Review Approval 08/31/1978A )
      Bioassay of dl-Menthol for Possible Carcinogenicity (CASRN 89-78-1)
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
    • Carcinogenesis Results
      • Male Rats Negative 
      • Female Rats Negative 
      • Male Mice Negative 
      • Female Mice Negative 

Genetic Toxicology

  • Chromosome Aberrations  (097978)  Completed 
    • Mice
    •  Equivocal 
  • In Vitro Cytogenetics (CA/SCE)  (423321)  Completed 
    • Citation: Ivett, J.L., Brown, B.M., Rodgers, C., Anderson, B.E., Resnick, M.A., Zeiger, E. Chromosomal aberration and sister chromatid exchange tests in Chinese hamster ovary cells in vitro IV: Results for 15 chemicals Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 14 (1989) 165-187
    • Sister Chromatid Exchange Negative 
    • Chromosome Aberrations Negative 
  • Drosophila  (231138)  Completed 
    • Citation: Foureman, P., Mason, J.M., Valencia, R., Zimmering, S. Chemical Mutagenesis Testing in Drosophila. IX. Results of 50 coded compounds tested for the National Toxicology Program. Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 23 (1994) 51-63
    • Reciprocal Translocation/Sex-Linked Recessive Lethal Negative 
  • Mouse Lymphoma  (979487)  Completed 
    • Citation: Myhr, B. and Caspary, W. Chemical mutagenesis at the TK locus in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells. I. Results for 31 coded compounds in the National Toxicology Program. Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 18 (1991) 51-83
    • Mice
    •  Negative 
  • Micronucleus  (813096)  Completed 
    • Citation: Shelby, M.D., Erexson, G.L., Hook, G.J., and Tice, R.R. Evaluation of a three-exposure mouse bone marrow micronucleus protocol: Results with 49 chemicals. Environ. Molec. Mutag. Vol. 21 (1993) 160-179
    • Mice: B6C3F1
    • Male Negative 
  • Salmonella  (506811)  Completed 
    • Citation: Zeiger, E., Anderson, B., Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., and Mortelmans, K. Salmonella mutagenicity tests. IV. Results from the testing of 300 chemicals Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 11 (Suppl 12) (1988) 1-158
    •  Negative 
  • Sister Chromatid Exchanges  (097978)  Completed 
    • Mice
    • Sister Chromatid  Negative (Nonstandard Protocol) 
NTP is located at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health.