National Toxicology Program

National Toxicology Program
http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/ts-m88068

Testing Status of Glyoxal - M88068

 

CASRN: 107-22-2

Formula: C2-H2-O2

Synonyms/Common Names

  • Biformyl
  • Ethanedial (9CI)
  • Glyoxal dihydrate
  • Glyoxal (40% solutions)
  • Oxalaldehyde

Known Uses

Permanent-press fabrics, leather tanning, paper coating, textile dyeing, embalming fluids; pharmaceuticals; pesticides. Associated with tobacco: reported either as a natural component of tobacco, pyrolysis product (in tobacco smoke), or additive for one or more types of tobacco products.

Chemical Properties

Toxicity Effects (HSDB)

Short-Term Toxicity

  • 13 weeks (Dosed-Water)  (C88038)  Completed 
    • Rats: F344/N; Mice: B6C3F1
    • Dose: R&M: 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, OR 16 MG/ML (10 S/S).

Genetic Toxicology

  • Salmonella  (799224)  Completed 
    •  Positive 
NTP is located at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health.