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Testing Status of Trigonelline M960038


CASRN: 535-83-1

Formula: C7-H7-N-O2

Synonyms/Common Names

  • Betain nicotinate
  • Caffearine
  • 3-Carboxy-1-methylpyridinium, inner salt (9CI)
  • Gynesine
  • Methylnicotinic acid

Known Uses

Naturally occurring in food. Associated with tobacco: reported either as a natural component of tobacco, pyrolysis product (in tobacco smoke), or additive for one or more types of tobacco products.

Chemical Properties

Toxicity Effects (HSDB)

Genetic Toxicology

  • Salmonella  (A14419)  Completed 
    •  Negative