No statistically significant dose-dependent contact hypersensitivity response to isobutyraldehyde was demonstrated in mice when the site of sensitization was prepared using shaving and dermabrasion with or without adjuvant.
Isobutyraldehyde (IBA) was selected for evaluation as a sensitizing agent for contact hypersensitivity in guinea pigs and mice. Isobutyraldehyde is used as an intermediate for rubber antioxidants and accelerators; in the synthesis of amino acids, pantothenic acid, cellulose esters, perfumes, flavors, plasticizers, resins and gasoline additives; in the manufacture of brake fluid and butyl esters; and as a solvent for the manufacture of artificial leather, coated paper, textiles, plastics, resins, rubber chemicals and organic chemicals.
The objective of this study was to determine the sensitizing potential of isobutyraldehyde when applied dermally to female B6C3F1 mice.
Isobutyraldehyde was tested on female B6C3F1 mice. The doses of isobutyraldehyde ranged from 3% to 30% in a solution of 4 parts acetone to one part olive oil (4:1) for sensitization and 30% for challenge. Mice received 20 µl by direct dermal application for 5 consecutive days to a prepared site. DNFB (1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene) (98%) was used as a positive control at a concentration of 0.5%. Measurement of the contact hypersensitivity was accomplished by the radioisotopic assay and the mouse ear swelling test (MEST).
The studies were conducted at the Medical College of Virginia Immunotoxicology Laboratory under NTP Contract No. ES 55094. The in-life phase of the studies was conducted between 30 July 1987 and 4 April 1990. The animals were housed in the animal facility of the Strauss Building. To the best of our knowledge, no significant deviations from Good Laboratory Practices occurred that affected the quality of the data and the ability to interpret the data with respect to the sensitizing potential of isobutyraldehyde.