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Health Effects of Low-level Lead Evaluation

Lead in water and image of child

NTP Monograph on Health Effects of Low-level Lead (June 2012)

Although reductions in lead exposure for the U.S. population have resulted in lower blood lead levels over time, epidemiological studies continue to provide evidence of health effects at lower and lower blood lead levels. The NTP Monograph on Health Effects of Low-level Lead was developed to summarize the evidence for lead- associated health effects in children and adults at these low exposure levels. The evidence provides support for adverse health effects in both children and adults at blood lead levels below 10 μg/dL, and, for some effects, below 5 μg/dL.

NTP Monograph on Health Effects of Low-level Lead (2.1 MB) (without appendices)

Other Resources on Lead and Health