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Scientific Review of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV)

Listed in the Report on Carcinogens (RoC)
Fact Sheet: Five Viruses

Primary Uses or Exposures: HIV is a retrovirus that is spread through unprotected sexual activity, infected drug needles, during pregnancy from mother to child, and through infected breast milk. Approximately 1.2 million people in the United States are infected with HIV and if left untreated, can lead to the disease AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

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