Salivary Gland - Necrosis
comment:Necrosis may be characterized either by scattered single-cell necrosis or by locally extensive areas of necrosis involving contiguous cells or structures. Single-cell necrosis can present as cell shrinkage, condensation of nuclear chromatin and cytoplasm, convolution of the cell, and the presence of apoptotic bodies. Acinar necrosis can present as focal to multifocal areas characterized by tissue that is paler than the surrounding viable tissue, consisting of swollen cells with variable degrees of eosinophilia, hyalinized cytoplasm, vacuolated cytoplasm, nuclear pyknosis, karyolysis, and/or karyorrhexis with associated cellular debris ( Figure 1 and Figure 2 ). Secondary inflammation is common. Infarction ( Figure 3 and Figure 4 ) is characterized by a focal to focally extensive area of salivary gland necrosis. One cause of necrosis, inflammation, and atrophy of the salivary gland in the rat is an active sialodacryoadenitis virus infection, but this virus does not affect the mouse salivary gland.
recommendation:Whenever present, necrosis should be diagnosed and graded based on the extent of the necrosis. Secondary lesions, such as inflammation or hemorrhage, are not diagnosed separately unless warranted by severity. Infarcts should be diagnosed as necrosis, but the pathology narrative should state that the lesion is consistent with an infarct.
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Elmore S, Lanning L, Allison N, Vallant M, Nyska A. 2006. The transduction of rat submandibular glands by an adenoviral vector carrying the human growth hormone gene is associated with limited and reversible changes at the infusion site. Toxicol Pathol 34:385-392. Abstract: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16844666
Neuenschwander SB, Elwell MR. 1990. Salivary glands. In: Pathology of the Fischer Rat (Boorman GA, Montgomery CA, MacKenzie WF, eds). Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 31-42. Abstract: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/9002563
Web page last updated on: November 17, 2014