Salivary Gland, Submandibular, Duct - Cytoplasmic Alteration
comment:For a discussion on the sexual dimorphism of the salivary gland in rodents, please see the Introduction for this chapter. Examples of the normal female ( Figure 1 ) and male ( Figure 2 ) salivary gland ducts are provided here for comparison. In females, cytoplasmic alteration of the submandibular salivary gland is characterized by an increase in granularity of the convoluted (granular) ducts ( Figure 3 ), such that it appears similar to the normal male salivary gland ducts ( Figure 2 ). This change is due to a masculinizing effect of certain chemicals or hormones. A concomitant metaplasia of the parietal epithelium of Bowman’s capsule in the kidneys from flattened to cuboidal can also occur in the female mouse when exposed to masculinizing agents. Cytoplasmic alteration is often a subtle change requiring careful scrutiny.
recommendation:Cytoplasmic alteration should be diagnosed and graded based on the degree of increase in eosinophilic intracytoplasmic granules and number of convoluted (granular) ducts affected.
Botts S, Jokinen M, Gaillard ET, Elwell MR, Mann PC. 1999. Salivary, Harderian, and lacrimal glands. In: Pathology of the Mouse (Maronpot RR, ed). Cache River Press, St Louis, MO, 49-80. Abstract: http://www.cacheriverpress.com/books/pathmouse.htm
Seely JC. 1999. Kidney. In: Pathology of the Mouse (Maronpot RR, ed). Cache River Press, St Louis, MO, 207-234. Abstract: http://www.cacheriverpress.com/books/pathmouse.htm
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