Tooth, Pulp - Osteodentin
comment:Osteodentin is formed after injury to the pulp or displacement of odontoblasts. If a tooth fractures, the pulp chamber will fill with this material in order to seal it off. This type of reaction can also occur as a secondary reparative response to add strength to teeth with altered or disrupted growth/eruption and/or teeth under altered biomechanical stress.
The rate of osteodentin deposition depends on the intensity and duration of the stimulus; the more severe the stimulus/injury, the more rapid the rate of osteodentin deposition. The type of stimulus has an effect on the architecture and structure of the osteodentin. If the stimulus is a carious lesion, there is extensive destruction of dentin and damage to the pulp, due to the differentiation of bacterial metabolites and toxins. Thus, osteodentin is deposited rapidly, with a sparse and irregular tubular pattern and some cellular inclusions. After rapid deposition, odontoblasts become trapped in the newly formed matrix, and the tubular pattern becomes obscured or distorted. Formation may be solitary ( Figure 1 and Figure 2 , arrows), multiple, or diffuse ( Figure 3 and Figure 4 , arrows). Some test articles can directly or indirectly cause undifferentiated pulp mesenchymal cells within the cell-rich zone to terminally differentiate into odontoblast-like cells and deposit osteodentin within the pulp. Osteodentin deposits may resemble bone, osteoid, predentin, or dentin in the pulp cavity.
recommendation:Osteodentin should be diagnosed and graded based on the number and size of areas of osteodentin formation. Any damage to the tooth or odontoblasts, if present, should be diagnosed and graded separately, and the association between the two should be made clear in the pathology narrative.
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Web page last updated on: November 17, 2014