Parathyroid Gland - Hyperplasia, Focal
comment:Parathyroid hyperplasia can be focal or diffuse and occurs in low incidence in rats and rarely in mice. Focal hyperplasia is a combination of hyperplasia and hypertrophy, with the hyperplastic foci standing out from the normal parathyroid parenchyma by virtue of structural alteration of the normal cords and/or differential tinctorial staining of the enlarged hypertrophic cells comprising the focal hyperplasia. There is negligible compression of surrounding parenchyma; in contrast, parathyroid adenomas cause compression of adjacent tissue and tend to be larger than hyperplasias. Severe focal hyperplasia can result in a grossly enlarged parathyroid. Focal parathyroid hyperplasia is potentially preneoplastic.
recommendation:Focal parathyroid hyperplasia should be diagnosed and assigned a severity grade. If both parathyroids are involved, the diagnosis should be qualified as bilateral and the severity grade based on the more severely affect gland.
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