Thyroid Gland - C Cell Hyperplasia
comment:C-cell hyperplasia is a common finding in chronic rat studies and can be diffuse ( Figure 1 and Figure 2 ), focal ( Figure 3 and Figure 4 ), or multifocal. C-cell hyperplasia is distinguished from C-cell adenoma based on the size of any given focal proliferation. The generally accepted criteria for C-cell hyperplasia is a focal C-cell cluster less than five average follicular diameters or similarly small-sized clusters of C cells scattered in interfollicular spaces. In contrast to C-cell adenomas, C-cell hyperplasia is not associated with significant compression of adjacent parenchyma. C-cell hyperplasias may contain individual trapped follicles ( Figure 1 and Figure 2 ). C-cell hyperplasia generally consists of round to polyhedral cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm ( Figure 2 ); in some cases there is a higher than typical nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio ( Figure 4 ).
recommendation:C-cell hyperplasia should be diagnosed when present, given a severity grade. If bilateral it should be indicated in the diagnosis with a severity grade based on the more severely affected thyroid gland.
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