Clitoral Gland, Duct - Dilation

Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female Sprague-Dawley rat in a chronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation, Marked in a female Sprague-Dawley rat from a chronic study. The central duct is markedly dilated and filled with eosinophilic material.
Figure 1 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female Sprague-Dawley rat in a chronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation, Marked in a female Sprague-Dawley rat from a chronic study (higher magnification of Figure 1). Squamous epithelium lines the dilated duct, and eosinophilic debris is evident in the lumen.
Figure 2 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female B6C3F1 mouse in a chronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation, Marked in a female B6C3F1/N mouse from a chronic study. The markedly dilated central duct is filled with eosinophilic material and occupies much of the clitoral gland.
Figure 3 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female B6C3F1 mouse in a chronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation, Marked in a female B6C3F1/N mouse from a chronic study (higher magnification of Figure 3). Squamous epithelium lines the dilated duct, and eosinophilic debris is evident centrally in the lumen.
Figure 4 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female F344/N rat in a chronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation, Marked in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study. The central duct is markedly dilated and contains amorphous eosinophilic material.
Figure 5 of 12
Image of atrophy in the clitoral gland from a female F344/N rat in a chronic study
Clitoral gland - Atrophy in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study (higher magnification of Figure 4). There is an increase in intervening fibrous connective tissue with a reduction in glandular tissue.
Figure 5 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female F344/N rat in a chronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation, Marked in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study (higher magnification of Figure 5). The dilated duct contains amorphous eosinophilic material and is lined by squamous epithelium.
Figure 6 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female B6C3F1 mouse in a subchronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation, in a female B6C3F1/N mouse from a subchronic study. Dilated ducts comprise the majority of the clitoral gland.
Figure 7 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female B6C3F1 mouse in a subchronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation, Bilateral, in a female B6C3F1/N mouse from a subchronic study. Dilated ducts comprise the majority of the clitoral gland.
Figure 8 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female B6C3F1 mouse in a subchronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation in a female B6C3F1/N mouse from a subchronic study (higher magnification of Figure 8). There are several dilated ducts and intervening acinar tissue.
Figure 9 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female F344/N rat in a subchronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation in a female F344/N rat from a subchronic study. The dilated ducts are surrounded by acinar tissue.
Figure 10 of 12
Image of duct dilation in the clitoral gland from a female B6C3F1 mouse in a subchronic study
Clitoral gland, Duct - Dilation in a female B6C3F1/N mouse from a subchronic study. The ducts have a flattened epithelial lining and contain scant luminal debris.
Figure 11 of 12
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comment:

Clitoral gland duct dilation ( Figure 1image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 2image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 3image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 4image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 5image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 6image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 7image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 8image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 9image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 10image opens in a pop-up window and Figure 11image opens in a pop-up window ) is a common incidental finding in aging rodents. It has also been induced with administration of androgenic steroids. Dilation of the ducts of the clitoral glands is frequently accompanied by atrophy of the glandular tissue. The epithelial lining of smaller ducts may be cuboidal, flattened, or keratinized squamous epithelium. When this condition is severe, the dilated ducts may occupy the majority of the clitoral gland, with remnants of the acinar tissue evident between the dilated ducts, and the glands may be grossly enlarged due to duct dilation. Care must be taken in diagnosing this lesion in mice because mice typically have very cavernous ducts with little glandular tissue.

recommendation:

Clitoral gland - Duct, Dilation should always be diagnosed and given a severity grade when it is considered a primary change. Clitoral gland atrophy caused by duct dilation does not need to be diagnosed separately but can be described in the narrative.

references:

Brix AE, Nyska A, Haseman JK, Sells DM, Jokinen MP, Walker NJ. 2005. Incidences of selected lesions in control female Harlan Sprague-Dawley rats from two-year studies performed by the National Toxicology Program. Toxicol Pathol 33:477-483.
Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16036865

Copeland-Haines D, Eustis SL. 1990. Specialized sebaceous glands. In: Pathology of the Fischer Rat: Reference and Atlas (Boorman GA, Eustis SL, Elwell MR, Montgomery CA, MacKenzie WF, eds). Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 279-293.

National Toxicology Program. 1999. NTP TR-485. Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Oxymetholone (CAS No. 434-07-1) in F344/N Rats and Toxicology Studies of Oxymetholone in B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies). NTP, Research Triangle Park, NC.
Abstract: http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/9771

National Toxicology Program. 2006. NTP TR-521. Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) (CAS No. 1746-01-6) in Female Harlan Sprague-Dawley Rats (Gavage Studies). NTP, Research Triangle Park, NC.
Abstract: http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/9303

National Toxicology Program. 2010. NTP TR-558. Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of 3,3',4,4'-Tetrachloroazobenzene (TCAB) (CAS No. 14047-09-7) in Harlan Sprague-Dawley Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies). NTP, Research Triangle Park, NC.
Abstract: http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/33564

Seely JC, Boorman GA. 1991. Mammary gland and specialized sebaceous glands. In: Pathology of the Mouse: Reference and Atlas (Maronpot RR, Boorman GA, Gaul BW, eds). Cache River Press, Vienna, IL, 613-635.