Spleen - Hyperplasia, Mast Cell
comment:Mast cell hyperplasia can be seen within the spleen of rodents. This lesion is characterized by loose aggregates of well-differentiated mast cells within the splenic red pulp that are not associated with inflammation. Mast cells are relatively large cells with abundant cytoplasm and typically have numerous densely basophilic intracytoplasmic granules that may obscure the nucleus ( Figure 1 and Figure 2 , arrows), although they may also present with prominent pale basophilic cytoplasm and less apparent granules. Mast cell hyperplasia must be differentiated from metastatic mast cell tumors. Mast cells within the spleen in the absence of a primary mast cell tumor are supportive of a hyperplastic rather than a neoplastic lesion.
recommendation:Whenever present, mast cell hyperplasia of the spleen should be diagnosed and assigned a severity grade.
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