Preputial Gland - Mineralization
comment:Mineralization consists of deposition of irregular amorphous basophilic material (arrows, Figure 1 and Figure 2 ). Two types of mineralization may occur: metastatic (calcification of normal tissue associated with high blood levels of calcium) or dystrophic (mineral deposits in abnormal or degenerating tissue not associated with increased blood levels of calcium). When systemic, metastatic mineralization can be present in multiple organs. Mineralization can be focal or multifocal. Mineralization in the preputial gland is unusual and is likely an incidental finding unrelated to chemical treatment. However, it may be associated with inflammation ( Figure 2 ).
recommendation:Mineralization should be recorded and given a severity grade. If both glands are affected, the diagnosis should be qualified as bilateral and the severity based on the more severely affected gland. If it occurs in multiple tissues as a systemic response, it is not necessary to separately diagnose mineralization in the preputial gland. However, its presence in the preputial gland may be mentioned in the pathology narrative.
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