Lung - Metaplasia, Osseous

Image of osseous metaplasia in the lung from an  F344/N rat in a chronic study
Lung - Metaplasia, Osseous in a F344/N rat from a chronic study. A focus of unmineralized bone is present in the lung parenchyma.
Figure 1 of 6
Image of osseous metaplasia in the lung from an  F344/N rat in a chronic study
Lung - Metaplasia, Osseous in a F344/N rat from a chronic study (higher magnification of Figure 1). The eosinophilic material in the lung is unmineralized bone.
Figure 2 of 6
Image of osseous metaplasia in the lung from a male F344/N rat in a chronic study
Lung - Metaplasia, Osseous in a male F344/N rat from a subchronic study. A focus of mineralized bone is present in the lung parenchyma.
Figure 3 of 6
Image of osseous metaplasia in the lung from a male Wistar Han rat in a chronic study
Lung - Metaplasia, Osseous in a female B6C3F1/N mouse from a chronic study. There is a subpleural focus of mineralized bone within a focus of unmineralized bone.
Figure 4 of 6
Image of osseous metaplasia in the lung from a female F344/N rat in a chronic study
Lung - Metaplasia, Osseous from a male Wistar Han rat in a chronic study. Though this focus of osseous metaplasia (arrow) is within an area of inflammation, it is likely not treatment related.
Figure 5 of 6
Image of osseous metaplasia in the lung from a female F344/N rat in a chronic study
Lung - Metaplasia, Osseous in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study. A focus of mineralized bone is present in the peripheral lung.
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comment:

Osseous metaplasia ( Figure 1image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 2image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 3image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 4image opens in a pop-up window , Figure 5image opens in a pop-up window , and Figure 6image opens in a pop-up window ) is frequently seen as a background lung lesion in NTP studies. No association with test article administration has been shown. It may occur anywhere in the lung, including the pleura ( Figure 4image opens in a pop-up window ). Osseous metaplasia is seen as foci of eosinophilic osteoid or woven bone or basophilic mineralized bone that contain interspersed lacunae. Rarely, bone is formed that contains hematopoietic elements (bone marrow). Cartilaginous metaplasia is also seen in the lung, comprising amphophilic to basophilic foci of chondroid matrix that contain interspersed lacunae. In laboratory rodents, osseous metaplasia is most common in the lungs of B6C3F1 mice. Cartilaginous and osseous metaplasia may occur as a response to injury or inflammation. These lesions occur when fibroblastic tissue is stimulated or induced to form nonneoplastic bone and/or cartilage. New bone forms with or without a cartilage template and can be bordered by fibroblastic tissue. Foci of osseous or cartilaginous metaplasia must be distinguished from metastatic osteosarcoma or chondrosarcoma, respectively.

recommendation:

Lung - Metaplasia, Osseous is generally considered a background lesion but should be diagnosed for completeness. Similarly, cartilaginous metaplasia should also be diagnosed when present. These lesions need not be graded.

references:

Dixon D, Herbert RA, Sills RC, Boorman GA. 1999. Lungs, pleura, and mediastinum. In: Pathology of the Mouse: Reference and Atlas (Maronpot RR, Boorman GA, Gaul BW, eds). Cache River Press, Vienna, IL, 293-332.

Long PH, Leininger JR, Nold JB, Lieuallen WG. 1993. Proliferative lesions of bone, cartilage, tooth, and synovium in rats. MST-2. In: Guides for Toxicologic Pathology. STP/ARP/AFIP, Washington, DC.