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Eye, Retina - Gliosis

Image of retina gliosis in the eye from a female F344/N rat in a chronic study
Eye, Retina - Normal in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study. Normal retina (arrow), optic disc (D), and optic nerve (N) for comparison to Figure 2.
Figure 1 of 2
Image of retina gliosis in the eye from a female F344/N rat in a chronic study
Eye, Retina - Gliosis in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study. There are increased numbers of glial cells in the nerve fiber layer (arrow), optic disc (D), and optic nerve (N).
Figure 2 of 2
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Retinal gliosis ( Figure 2image opens in a pop-up window , compare to normal in Figure 1image opens in a pop-up window ), the proliferation of astrocytes, Müller cells, and/or microglia, can occur in various retinal layers with focal to diffuse distribution. It is characterized by increased numbers of glial cells in the retina. Retinal gliosis can occur as a primary change (generally of uncertain etiology) or as a feature to other retinal lesions (e.g., degeneration).


When occurring as a primary change, retinal gliosis should be diagnosed and assigned a severity grade. When retinal gliosis occurs as a morphologic feature or reactive sequela of another pathologic process (e.g., retinal degeneration), it should not be diagnosed separately (unless warranted by severity), but should be described in the pathology narrative.


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Abstract: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21177527

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Full Text: http://www.jleukbio.org/content/81/6/1345.full

National Toxicology Program. 2012. NTP TR-571. Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Kava Kava Extract (CAS No. 9000-38-8) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies). NTP, Research Triangle Park, NC.
Abstract: https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/36127

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Full Text: http://toxsci.oxfordjournals.org/content/88/2/456.full.pdf

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Abstract: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/9002563

Zeng H, Zhu X, Zhang C, Yang L-P, Wu L, Tso MOM. 2005. Identification of sequential events and factors associated with microglial activation, migration, and cytotoxicity in retinal degeneration in rd mice. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:2992-2999.
Full Text: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.05-0118