Kidney - Nephroblastematosis
comment:Nephroblastematosis can be a spontaneous lesion and is the presumptive precursor lesion of nephroblastoma. On low power, nephroblastematosis appears as an area of densely basophilic cellularity ( Figure 1 and Figure 2 ). On higher magnification, uniform cells are seen infiltrating between renal tubules and are characterized by having indistinct cell margins and cytoplasm and round to oval nuclei with stippled chromatin ( Figure 3 ). The distinction between nephroblastematosis and nephroblastoma is somewhat arbitrary and depends on differentiation into any organoid (tubule, glomeruloid) structures, which is seen in nephroblastematosis, and the overall size of the lesion. Differentiation from other lesions such as cellular infiltrates, inflammation, or lymphoma usually depends on the presence of a more heterogeneous population of cell types, which often have a focal to multifocal perivascular distribution, and/or the presence of associated cells in blood vessels within the lesion ( Figure 4 ).
recommendation:Nephroblastematosis should be diagnosed whenever present and given a severity grade.
Frazier KS, Seely JC, Hard GC, Betton G, Burnett R, Nakatsuji S, Nishikawa A, Durchfeld-Meyer B, Bube A. 2012. Proliferative and non-proliferative lesions in the rat and mouse urinary system. Toxicol Pathol 40:14S-86S. Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22637735
Mesfin GM. 1999. Intralobar nephroblastemosis: Precursor lesion of nephroblastoma in the Sprague-Dawley rat. Vet Pathol 36:379-390. Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10490205
Web page last updated on: October 28, 2014