Stomach, Forestomach - Mineralization
comment:Mineralization of the forestomach usually involves the submucosa, often along the basement membrane ( Figure 1 ), and tunica muscularis ( Figure 2 ). Microscopically, mineralization appears as distinct, crystalline, basophilic material in the tissue. Mineralization in the forestomach usually results from altered calcium-phosphorus metabolism and hyperparathyroidism associated with uremia secondary to end-stage chronic progressive nephropathy.
recommendation:Mineralization should be diagnosed and graded based on the extent of the mineralization.
related links:Kidney - Nephropathy, Chronic Progressive
Brown HR, Hardisty JF. 1990. Oral cavity, esophagus and stomach. In: Pathology of the Fischer Rat (Boorman GA, Montgomery CA, MacKenzie WF, eds). Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 9-30. Abstract: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/9002563
Leininger JR, Jokinen MP, Dangler CA, Whiteley LO. 1999. Oral cavity, esophagus, and stomach. In: Pathology of the Mouse (Maronpot RR, ed). Cache River Press, St Louis, MO, 29-48. Abstract: http://www.cacheriverpress.com/books/pathmouse.htm
Web page last updated on: November 24, 2014