Kidney, Renal Tubule - Cast
comment:Intratubular casts may have various compositions with different morphologic and staining characteristics. Both hyaline and granular casts may be observed in a number of renal diseases. Commonly observed casts are hyaline (eosinophilic, homogeneous proteinaceous) casts associated with increased glomerular permeability such as with chronic progressive nephropathy ( Figure 1 ) and granular (necrotic cellular debris) casts indicative of previous tubule cell necrosis associated with chemicals that induce α2u-globulin nephropathy ( Figure 2 and Figure 3 ).
recommendation:Tubule casts should be diagnosed according to their morphologic appearance (granular, hyaline, etc.) and given a severity grade. Hyaline casts observed as a component of chronic progressive nephropathy should not be diagnosed separately. Details of the casts, such as location within the kidney (e.g., the junction of the inner and outer stripes of the outer medulla, the typical location of casts associated with α2u-globulin nephropathy) should be discussed in the pathology narrative.
related links:Kidney, Renal Tubule - Necrosis
Alden CL. 1986. A review of unique male rat hydrocarbon nephropathy. Toxicol Pathol 14:109-111. Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2424069
Hard GC, Alden CL, Bruner RH, Frith CH, Lewis RM, Owen RA, Krieg K, Durchfeld-Meyer B. 1999. Non-proliferative lesions of the kidney and lower urinary tract in rats. In: Guides for Toxicologic Pathology. STP/ARP/AFIP, Washington, DC, 1-32.
Peter CP, Burek JD, Van Zwieten MJ. 1986. Spontaneous nephropathies in rats. Toxicol Pathol 14:91-100. Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3715332
Web page last updated on: October 28, 2014